Ancient art and literature are crowded with references to dreams. For thousands of years dreams have been credited with supernatural or prophetic significance by the majority of the world’s spiritual traditions. The Bible, for instance, makes it clear that dreams are divine messages and this explanation for dreams was shared by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, all of whom also believed that dreams had healing powers.
Certain cultures, such as the Australian Aborigines and many African and Native American tribes, have always believed dreaming to be a way in which an individual can enter into the collective spirit memory. To this day, dream pooling plays an important role in those societies where tribal members gather together for the purpose of interpreting dreams. Another view is held by the Inuit of Hudson Bay in Canada, who believe that when a person falls asleep and dreams, their soul goes wandering.
The Egyptians are thought to have been the first to develop a system of contrary dream interpretation; a positive dream, for example, predicts misfortune and a nightmare predicts an improvement in waking fortunes. They produced the earliest known dream dictionary, written approximately 4,000 years ago. Now called the Chester Beatty Papyrus, it came from Thebes in Egypt and is kept in the British Museum.
It was the ancient Greeks, however, who first proposed the theory that dreams were not from some external, divine source but internal communications, or the divine spark within. Plato (427-347 BC) suggested that dreams were expressions of a person’s hidden desires, whilst his pupil Aristotle (384-322 BC) speculated that dreams shared similar themes and were not divine oracles but coincidences. It was the ‘father of medicine’ Hippocrates (460-377 BC) who proposed that dream symbols reflect the state of the dreamer’s body—for example, fire denoted indigestion—and should be regarded as valuable diagnostic tools.
The first fully-fledged dream researcher to focus on dream symbols and dream themes was a Roman living in Greek Asia Minor called Artemidorus (AD 138-180), who wrote a book about dream interpretation that is still in print. As far as Artemidorus was concerned, dream symbols had certain meanings but the most important aspect of dream interpretation was the symbols’ personal significance to the dreamer, along with the dreamer’s personal circumstances.
In much of Europe, even though the early Christians respected dreams for their spiritual significance, the repressive control of the Roman Catholic Church put a stop to any attempts at dream interpretation. By the fifteenth century, dreams were regarded as no longer significant or important. Even a century or so later, Shakespeare called them ‘children of the idle brain’. This school of thought persisted into the eighteenth century, when dreams were still thought to be meaningless.
In the early nineteenth century, when the restrictive influence of the Church began to wane and members of the German Romantic movement—in their quest for spontaneous expression—rediscovered the potential of dreams, a revival of interest in dream interpretation began to trickle into the mainstream with the publication of popular dream dictionaries such as Raphael’s Royal Book of Dreams (1830). The stage was now set for Freud and Jung; two men who continue to have the greatest impact on the way we interpret dreams today.... Dreampedia
In ancient Greece, people believed that dreams were a direct contact with the gods. One of the principal uses of dreams was for healing. Sick people went to special temples that were dedicated to dreaming as a curative method. There, a physician would help to induce a dream, which the physician would then interpret as a guide to the treatment of the ailment, and its cause as well. In modern times, the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud, drew upon the writings of Artemidorus, a Greek who lived in the second century B.C.E. whom Freud much admired. Artemidorus’s books have been preserved for over two thousand years and were in constant use as references before the scientific revolution put dreams into the category of “unimportant nonsense.”
At the time of the Italian Renaissance, when rational thinking was beginning to come to the fore, dreams began to be dismissed as trivial by-products of sleep. William Shakespeare denounced dreams as “the children of an idle brain.” (On the other hand, he wrote eloquently on the nature of dreams in his play Hamlet!) John Dryden, an English philosopher, dismissed dreams as the result of indigestion or infection. The bias against dreams continued through the nineteenth century, when most people thought that dreams were caused by some external stimulus—such as a knock on the door making a person dream the house was being burglarized. Aside from such shallow interpretation, most ordinary people, doctors and philosophers, church fathers and professors, believed that dreams had no meaning and saw no need to heed them.
In his autobiography, Memories, Dreams, Reflections, Dr. Jung tells of a dream in which he was a guest at a garden party. Another guest was a woman from the town of Basel, a good friend of both Jung and his sister. In the dream, Jung says, he instinctively knew the woman from Basel would die. However, when he woke up he had no idea who the woman was in real life, though the dream was exceptionally vivid. He writes, “A few weeks later, I received news that a friend of mine had a fatal accident. I knew at once that she was the person I had seen in the dream but had been unable to identify.”
It took the work of Sigmund Freud to open people’s eyes once more to the possibility of dreams being important and useful. Though Freud was obsessed with sexual meanings in dreams to the exclusion of all else, he performed a useful service with the publication of his book on dream interpretation. However, his narrow view held that dreams were mere “wish fulfillment” and a substitute for sexual satisfaction. Fortunately, one of his student colleagues, Carl Gustav Jung of Switzerland, disagreed with Freud and formulated a more comprehensive theory of dream analysis.
Jung researched the previously unstudied territory of the unconscious and came up with the idea of a collective unconscious, through which all people were connected by a common store of knowledge and experience that often revealed itself in dreams.... Dreampedia
It is said that lightning without rain symbolizes impending disaster for both, a musaafir as well as muqeem.
It is also said that lightning with rain symbolizes cure and remedy for a sick person.... Islamic Dream Interpretation
The Imaam exclaimed: “How wonderful a dream you have seen! You are being soaked in the rahmath and bounties of Allah. You will be granted peace and rizq in abundance”.... Islamic Dream Interpretation
If you dream of getting a new message on your Facebook , there will be a change in your affairs.
To dream of reading messages on - or hacking into - someone else’s Facebook page signifies that you are mistrustful of others and you tend to poke your nose into friends’ business. Perhaps you have recently stumbled upon some information that was not meant for your eyes.... My Dream Interpretation
2. Applying outdated values or solutions to new situations and problems.
3. Current activities, projects or events have a permanent importance (also note what is happening in the history). ... New American Dream Dictionary
If you are continuing to relive your history, then you need to heal the reoccurring issues in order to move on, create a future and to move in the direction of your dreams. See Mythology and Recurring Dreams.... Strangest Dream Explanations
Alexander the Great: Conqueror, empire building, warrior archetype.
Aristotle: İnfluential greek philosopher, the importance of asking questions and challenging conventional thought.
Bell, Alexander Graham: İnventor of telephone, communication, networking .
Bonaparte, Napoleon: French emperor, tactician, warrior archetype, exile.
Columbus, Christopher: Explorer, led europe to the americas, new territories to discover, new potential.
Confucius: The founder of confucianism, wise old man archetype.
Copernicus, Nicolas: Priest, astronomer, taught heliocentricity, the world revolves around the sun.
Daguerre, Louis: Pioneer of photography, vision, impressions, image change.
Darwin, Charles: Biologist, formulated theory of evolution, survival of the fittest.
Descartes, René: Rationalist philosopher and mathematician, logic, reason, ı think therefore ı am.
Edison, Thomas: İnventor of light bulb, illumination, insight.
Einstein, Albert: Physicist, theory of relativity, greatness achieved by power of the mind.
Fermi, Enrico: Father of atomic bomb, ultimate weapon of destruction, the last resort.
Fleming, Alexander: Penicillin, advances in bacteriology, immunology and chemotherapy, strengthening your defenses.
Ford, Henry: İndustrialist, revolutionized mass production, the repetition of the production line.
Galilei, Galileo: Catholic astronomer, accurately described heliocentric solar system, visionary, conflict of authority with freedom of thought.
Gutenberg, Johann: Developed movable type, printed bibles, communication, the printed word.
Machiavelli, Niccolò: Author of the prince, archetype of the manipulator.
Marconi, Guglielmo: İnventor of the radio, communication, words, reaching a large audience.
Marx, Karl: Social philosopher, marxist communism, class struggle.
Michelangelo: Painter; sculptor, architect, diversity, energy, talent.
Moses: God’s messenger, leader of people out of slavery.
Muhammad: Prophet of ıslam, founder of major world religion, military and political leader, pure ideals, indomitable will.
Newton, Isaac: Physicist, theory of universal gravitation, laws of motion, universe working like clockwork.
St Paul: Proselytizer of christianity, dogma, tradition, rules and regulations.
Plato: Greek philosopher, intellectual focus on spiritual concepts rather than physical elements of life.
Shakespeare, William: Playwright, understanding of complete range of human emotions, stupendous output.
Voltaire: Writer and philosopher, crusade against tyranny and bigotry, the importance of tolerance.
Washington, George: First president of the united states of america, the basic rights of the individual, david versus goliath.
Watt, James: Developer of steam engine, new possibilities, travel.
William the Conqueror: First king of modern england, beginning a new project, invasion.
Wright, Orville and Wilbur: Inventors of airplane, longing to escape, fly away or reach new heights... The Element Encyclopedia
Awareness and perspective.
A frequent symbol when your life is too one-sided and you are engaged intellectually either too much or too little. According to Jung, the intellectual area and consciousness are challenged.... Little Giant Encyclopedia
A storyteller in a dream also may represent one’s livelihood, or intestinal and bowel problems, or he could represent travels.
If the stories are new, then they mean disturbances in one’s life.
If they are stories of chivalry, then they represent a war.
A pleasant story one tells to a king, or to Ulan of authority in a dream represents wealth, or great profits which are distributed equitably. As for a merchant, hearing a pleasant story in a dream represents easy and quick profits from his business, and for a craftsman, it represents a sizeable contract, or an important new account.
(Also see Comedian; Humorist)... Islamic Dream Interpretation
The preservation of history, culture, religion, or central truths. Among many civilizations, this person equated to the medieval bard, or Hebrew cantor, who by their talents kept an oral legacy for a specific group alive. In interpreting such a dream, consider what story is told, bv and to whom, and how it is received for more meaning.
For example, the rejection of a Bible story from your youth in a dream might likewise symbolize your personal rejection of that idea or belief system.
Morals or lessons from the subconscious or Higher Self, neatly disguised in a more enjoyable construct. Storytelling has always been an effective teaching tool because it draws our attention away from the chore to something we perceive as fun.
Potentially, a personal creation that should find its way into a tape or book, if only for your own enjoyment. Inventive energies are much more fluid when we sleep, and many excellent artists have received inspiration for a story, song, or painting this way.
Religious stories denote a change in perspectives from mundane to more devout matters, whereas hearing things like fables reveals a romantic nature prone to daydreaming.... The Language of Dreams
As we have seen, both Freud and Jung had theories regarding nightmares: Freud tried to explain them as the expression of unfulfilled wishes, whilst Jung described them as part of humankind’s ‘collective unconscious’ and argued that the helplessness we feel in nightmares is a memory of the fears experienced by primitive peoples. Today, in medical textbooks, nightmares are most commonly defined as a disturbing dream that results in at least a partial awakening.
Nightmares, in common with most dreams, occur during REM stages of sleep and they generally cause the dreamer to wake up.
If you don’t wake up, the dream is not technically a nightmare and could be described as a bad dream. Nightmares are often characterized by the following symptoms: a sense of fear and dread that lingers for hours or days after the dream upon awakening; the ability to recall all or part of a dream scene; in most cases the dreamer is threatened or actually harmed in some way; a recognition of powerful images in the dream or the repetition of the dream itself for months or even years after; and a physical paralysis or lack of muscle tone called atonia which signifies REM sleep.
Drugs, alcohol, lack of sleep and spicy food can alter the quality and quantity of REM sleep and perhaps trigger nightmares but there is no hard evidence to support this. Whilst these things can increase the risk of nightmares, the mundane struggles in daily life are generally thought to be the cause of most nightmares. Sleep researchers have discovered that long-standing nightmare sufferers tend to be emotional, creative, sensitive but prone to depression.
Modern sleep researchers have identified the following causes for nightmares:
• Unconscious memory of intense emotions such as that of a child being abandoned by its mother. Many people have had the experience of feeling trapped in a difficult situation—a terrible marriage or another situation they want to get out of—and nightmares can hark back to that situation, mirroring the intense feelings of being trapped associated with it.
• Intense experiences produced by external situations, such as involvement in war or being a victim of assault. Trauma, surgery, a death in the family, crime and accidents can also cause them to proliferate.
• Many nightmares in adults arise from fears connected with repressed internal drives or from fears concerning the process of growth and change.
• Threats to self-esteem. People may be faced by or fear the loss of something important to them, such as the failure of a relationship or the loss of a child, being seen to fail at work or not being able to cope with life in other ways. Nightmares may arise out of feelings of inferiority or loss of self-confidence.
Some sleep researchers consider the occasional nightmare to be a natural response to stress; the dream is seen to be the body’s way of practicing its ‘fight or flee’ response, providing us with a way to work through aggressive feelings in a safe way, given that the body’s muscles are essentially paralyzed during REM sleep.... The Element Encyclopedia
The Imaan asked:. “Are you a bachelor?” He answered in the affirmative.
The Imaam said: “You shall marry the most beautiful lady of her time”. Thereafter, the person was not seen for a very long time. Then Suddenly he appeared one day and said to the Imaam. “My master! I have married the most beautiful lady of Madeenah. But last night I saw a dream as if I were carrying the moon”.
The Imaam interpreted this dream saying: “She Shall bear you the most beautiful boy of his time”. He said: “ She shall bear you the most beautiful boy of his time”. He said: “O master! At this very moment she is expecting”.
The reporter of this incident say that matters turned out to be exactly as the Imaam had interpreted. May Allah have mercy on the Imaam.... Islamic Dream Interpretation
The Interpretation of this dream was given that a son will be born to her whose knowledge of Deen will be very vast and the people of every town and city of Egypt will benefit from his knowledge and follow his math-hab.... Islamic Dream Interpretation
The Imaam interpreted his dream thus. : “You will proceed for Hajj.” The Imaam’s students were amazed at these two conflicting interpretation of two dreams which resembled each other in every respect. They asked of or an explanation. He said that he first made a careful study of the character of both the persons and saw signs of evil present in the first person and interpreted his dream accordingly in the light of this verse of the Holy Qur’aan : then a claimer proclaimed; O people of the caravan Surely you are thieves!. As for the second persons he saw signs of virtue and piety present in him and therefore, interpreted his dream in the light of the following verse of the Holy Book : And proclaim (O Ibraheem!) to the people about Hajj!
The narrator of this incident says: “Matters turned out exactly as the Imaam had interpreted.”
At times, athaan could be interpreted announcement, information and notification.... Islamic Dream Interpretation
The honey and ghee symbolizes the sweetness and excellence of Islam. Similarly, any rain comprising of anything beneficial heralds the approaching of good times”.... Islamic Dream Interpretation
On another occasion the Imaam had been asked about another person who had seen that he was standing in the shade of a cloud. He replied:” “If this person is ill, he will be cured: if he is in debt, he will be absolved of his debt; if he is a destitute, Allah will make him wealthy; if he is oppressed, he will receive assistance. For, clouds, symbolize rahmah 9blessings) and anything shrouded by clouds is shrouded by rahmah. This is supported by the fact that in times of Jihad clouds used to cast their shadow on Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu-alayhi-wasallam).... Islamic Dream Interpretation
The Imaam asked whether he had seen the point of the lance or not. He said no. Upon this he said: “Had you seen the point, a son would have been born to you. But now you will have female issues only.” He pondered for a moment, then said: “ In all, twelve daughters will be born to you”.
(After many years) it is reported from Muhammad bin Yahya that when he revealed the above incident to Abul Waleed (RA) the latter laughed saying: “I am the son of one of them. I have eleven maternal aunts and Aboo Ammaarah Attayyaan was my grandfather. May Allah shower His blessings upon him and us and all the Muslims.”... Islamic Dream Interpretation
Folklore: Prosperity. In folk tradition, dreaming about spinning a yam is thought to bring luck in love.... Little Giant Encyclopedia