occupied

Dream Interpretation Occupied | Dream Meanings


(See Busy)

Islamic Dream Interpretation | Ibn Seerin


Occupied | Dream Interpretation

The keywords of this dream: Occupied

Cemetery

To dream of being in a beautiful and well-kept cemetery, you will have unexpected news of the recovery of one whom you had mourned as dead, and you will have your title good to lands occupied by usurpers.

To see an old bramble grown and forgotten cemetery, you will live to see all your loved ones leave you, and you will be left to a stranger’s care.

For young people to dream of wandering through the silent avenues of the dead foreshows they will meet with tender and loving responses from friends, but will have to meet sorrows that friends are powerless to avert. Brides dreaming of passing a cemetery on their way to the wedding ceremony, will be bereft of their husbands by fatal accidents occurring on journeys.

For a mother to carry fresh flowers to a cemetery, indicates she may expect the continued good health of her family.

For a young widow to visit a cemetery means she will soon throw aside her weeds for robes of matrimony.

If she feels sad and depressed she will have new cares and regrets. Old people dreaming of a cemetery, shows they will soon make other journeys where they will find perfect rest.

To see little children gathering flowers and chasing butterflies among the graves, denotes prosperous changes and no graves of any of your friends to weep over. Good health will hold high carnival. ... Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

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Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

Kennel

If occupied, one has things under control. ... New American Dream Dictionary

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New American Dream Dictionary

Photographer

1. To seize images, to be preoccupied with appear­ances and, less so, contents.

2. A reluctance to let go of some­times false perceptions.

3. A need or desire to control or understand memories or situations, perhaps alter them in ways that make them less painful. ... New American Dream Dictionary

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New American Dream Dictionary

Busy

(Involved; Occupied) Seeing oneself busy in a dream means marriage to a virgin girl, interfering in others’ business, or changing one’s profession.

If the new job is satisfactory in the dream, then it means prosperity, marriage, children, or worship.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

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Islamic Dream Interpretation

Involved

(Occupied) Seeing oneselfinvolved or busy in a dream means a marriage to a virgin girl, or interfering in others’ business, or it could mean changing one’s profession. Ifthe newjob is satisfactory in the dream, then it means prosperity, marriage, children, or worship.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

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Islamic Dream Interpretation

Shops And Their Frontage

Shops and pavements where merchandise is normally sold symbolize merchandise and goods. But pavements and terraces which are not normally occupied for trading purposes, but instead are utilized for converging, means that the beholder will plunge into lengthy discussion.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

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Islamic Dream Interpretation

Death

Example: My son comes in and I see he is unwashed and seems preoccupied and as if he has not cared for himself for some days. I ask him what is wrong. He tells me his mother is dead. I then seem to know she has been dead for days, and my two sons have not told anyone. In fact my other son has not even accepted the fact’ (Anthony). Anthony is a divorcee. Processing the dream he realised the two sons are ways he is relating to the death of his marriage to the chil­dren’s mother.

A dead body, death of someone we know: very often, as in the example, the death of some aspect of our outer or inner life. Our drive to achieve something might die, and be shown as a death in our dreams. Lost opportunities or unexpressed potentials in ourselves are frequently shown as dead bodies. All of us unconsciously leam attitudes or survival skills from parents and others. Often these are unrecognised and may be shown as dead.

Example: ‘During my teens I was engaged to be married, when I found a more attractive panner and was in consider­able conflict. Consistently I dreamt I was at my fiance’s fu­neral until it dawned on me the dream was telling me I wanted to be free of him. When I gave him up the dreams ceased1 (Mrs D).

If the death is of someone we know: fre­quently, as in the example, desire to be free of the person, or unexpressed aggression; perhaps one’s love for that person has ‘died’. We often ‘kill’ our partners in dreams as we move towards independence. Or we may want someone ‘out of the way so we do not have to compete for attention and love.

Death of oneself: exploration of feelings about death; re­treat from the challenge of life; split between mind and body.

The experience of leaving the body is frequently an expression of this schism between the ego and life processes. Also death of old patterns of living—one’s ‘old self.

The walking dead, rigor mortis: aspects of the dreamer which are denied, per­haps through fear. Dancing with, meeting death or dark fig­ure: facing up to death.

Example: ‘I dream I have a weak heart which will be fatal.

It is the practice of doctors in such cases to administer a tablet causing one painlessly to go to sleep—die. I am completely calm and accepting of my fate. I suddenly realise I must leave notes for my parents and children. I must let them know how much I love them, must do this quickly before my time runs out’ (Mrs M). This is a frequent type of ‘death* dream.

It is a way of reminding ourselves to do now what we want to, espe­cially regarding love. Although the unconscious has a very real sense of its eternal nature and continuance after physical death, the ego seldom shares this. We have an unconscious realisation that collective humanity carries the living experi­ence from the life of the dead.

The farmer roday uncon­sciously uses the collective experience of humanity in farming. What innovation he does today his children or others will learn and carry into the future. Idioms: dead and buried, dead from the neck up/down; dead to the world, play dead. See death and rebirth under archetypes. ... A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Pulpit

Unfavorable news may be expected Erora a dream of a pulpit, either occupied or unoccupied.... The Complete Dream Book

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The Complete Dream Book

Cemetery

Vision: Women who dream frequently about walking through a cemetery have nothing to be frightened about. It only means they need more peace and quiet—the job, children, and the house are taking their toll. Lingering about the cemetery: you are hanging on to the past. Walking into a cemetery: you are too preoccupied with past experiences. Do you want to bun- something so that you can start all over again? Bringing flowers to a cemetery: a death in the family.

Depth Psychology: The cemetery indicates anxiety caused by new or past problems, because you are forced to make a decision. See Death, Grave.... Dreamers Dictionary

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Dreamers Dictionary

Devil

Symbol: The devil is a symbol of confusion, darkness, and death. Vision: Seeing the devil: you are either too preoccupied with negative thoughts or someone around you has a diabolical influence on you that is threatening your serenity. You are faced with temptations that could have serious consequences. Don’t give in—even if your own weaknesses make it hard for you to resist.

Depth Psychology: Satan is a symbol of a purely egotistical side of your unconscious, or of your fears, passions, rages, or hates. These energies always lead to internal and/or external conflicts and need to be redirected—the sooner the better.

If Satan appears in your dreams: while you reject some of these feelings, they are, nevertheless, reflected in what you do and how you behave (which you usually regret afterward). See Demon.... Dreamers Dictionary

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Dreamers Dictionary

Eyes, Ophthalmologist

Symbol: These are symbols of spiritual and intellectual insight.

Vision: Dreaming about blue eyes: either somebody is secretly in love with you or you are secredy in love with someone. Dark or brown eyes: prepare yourself for a disappointing romance. Dreaming about an eye illness (eye patch, eye injury, or blindness): you are unable to see a situation in your life clearly, or you have a problem facing the real truth.

An eye patch indicates that you can do your job even with your eyes closed! Visiting or seeing an ophthalmologist: you will soon see things as they really are. See Cross-eyed.

Depth Psychology: Dreaming about eyes means you are too preoccupied with yourself.

The eye is considered the organ of light. Dreaming about eyes always has something to do with understanding life. Dreaming about an eye that is looking at you might be a warning from your conscience. Eyes by themselves are symbols of intelligence, spirit, alertness, and curiosity. Other events in the dream are important here.... Dreamers Dictionary

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Dreamers Dictionary

Head

Vision: Seeing a head in a dream is a warning: be more attentive and alert. Seeing a torso without a head: you have run headlong into a situation from which you need to extract yourself in a hurry.

If the head on your body belongs to someone else: whether you like it or not, others will decide for you what to do next.

If the head on your body faces the back: thoughdess actions and wrong decisions have created severe problems for you!

Depth Psychology: The head indicates that your good sense is controlling the rest of your body. Smashing your head in a dream means many problems and conflicts with no resolution in sight. Did you “lose your head”? Why, to whom, and in what circumstances? Are you running around like “a chicken with its head cut off? Dreams about the head may also be a sign of an actual illness in that area. Decapitating another person: you are now ready to use your head to solve your problems. One- eyed head: dreaming about eyes might be a hint that you are too occupied with yourself.

If the image has the right eye missing, you might try to gain more insight in emotional areas. Prominent teeth: you are looking for material tilings or “biting” into them.... Dreamers Dictionary

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Dreamers Dictionary

Paper

Vision: Looking at printed paper: you trust others. Torn paper: the conflict you have provoked is your own fault. Be very careful if you get involved in legal matters right now. Plain paper: an important document will suddenly play a large role. Writing or drawing on a piece of paper: you are preoccupied with a personal situation. Printed paper: you are asked to do a lot of unnecessary and unimportant paper work.

Depth Psychology: A plain piece of paper represents either immaturity and lack of experience, or is a sign that you are open to new thoughts and opinions. Paper with print: expect to receive new instructions or spiritual insights that will be useful to you. See Leaf, Newspaper, Writing.... Dreamers Dictionary

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Dreamers Dictionary

Picture, Photo

Vision: Seeing several people in a photo: you are thinking of them often. Seeing yourself in a photo: you are too preoccupied with yourself, you see things only from your side; on one hand, that’s a sign of egotism; on the other, its a sign of success and happiness. Dreaming about a picture (or several) falling off the wall: bad luck or at least something unpleasant, often a separation or a death.

A picture of a relative or friend falling off the wall for no reason: illness or even the death of that person. Seeing pictures of your deceased parents or friends: freedom from an unpleasant situation soon.

The picture of a child, a woman, or friend: you will soon receive some new information.

Depth Psychology: Seeing a picture of people that are part of your immediate world often is a challenge to try to get to know them better. Sometimes we see pictures of people in a dream before we have even met them. Seeing ones own picture/photo in a dream is a symbol of what we know and what we think about ourselves.... Dreamers Dictionary

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Dreamers Dictionary

Traffic Accident

Vision: Dreaming about having an accident: you might be in danger (not necessarily in traffic). Be careful when dealing with others; you also have to face setbacks at work. See Misfortune.

Depth Psychology: Are you preoccupied with the idea of having an accident? Or have you hurt or injured someone by your actions?... Dreamers Dictionary

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Dreamers Dictionary

Office

To dream of your work office suggests difficulty in leaving your work. This may represent the possibility of being preoccupied with work and having too much office work to accomplish. It may also stand for your position, achievements, and status in society.

A dream about holding public office indicates that your desires may direct you to a perilous course, but your bravery will be rewarded with victory.... Dream Symbols and Analysis

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Dream Symbols and Analysis

Prostitute

To dream you are a prostitute suggests your desire to experience and express absolute sexual freedom and power. You are preoccupied with thoughts about letting go of your inhibitions and fully exploring your sexuality. Your actual sex life may be too frigid. On the negative side, you may be nursing guilty feelings and bad thoughts about your current relationships. You have difficulty in reconciling a Puritan upbringing with having sex.

To dream you are with a prostitute suggests sexual deprivation or inadequacy. On the other hand, you may prefer a straightforward and easier way to have sex.... Dream Symbols and Analysis

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Dream Symbols and Analysis

Bishop

Dreams of this church leader represent your spiritual authority as a role model and/or parent figure. Because the bishop in the game of chess can move diagonally any number of unoccupied squares, this represents your desire to move and grow in unconventional ways. See Father.... Strangest Dream Explanations

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Strangest Dream Explanations

Dessert

Dreams of dessert represent celebration, festivities, and reward for hard work or accomplishment. Consider whether you were able to savor the flavor of your just desserts, or if you were too preoccupied with guilt to truly enjoy it.... Strangest Dream Explanations

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Strangest Dream Explanations

Lie Detector

Dreams of a lie detector represent cynicism, doubt, and distrust. What you are looking for you are looking with, so if you are preoccupied with looking for lies to prove someone else’s guilt, you are exposing your own guilt and -judgment. Alternatively, this dream may indicate that you are using your powers of discernment to read between the lines and lies. Consider the feeling tone of this dream to discern the significance.... Strangest Dream Explanations

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Strangest Dream Explanations

Pick Pocket

Dreams of a pick pocket signify that you are stealing or wanting what is not yours. Your dream is showing you where you are preoccupied with coveting what other people have while neglecting the process of actualizing your own talent and potential. See Karma, Thief and Rob.... Strangest Dream Explanations

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Strangest Dream Explanations

Pretzel

To see a pretzel in your dream, symbolizes faith, spirituality and life’s sweet rewards. You are embracing life and extending yourself to help others. Alternatively, it may indicate that you are preoccupied with some complex issue and are not sure how to handle it.... My Dream Interpretation

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My Dream Interpretation

Rocking Chair

To see an occupied rocking chair in your dream signifies friendly surroundings and gentle pleasures.

To see a vacant rocking chair in your dream foretells of grief and estrangement.... My Dream Interpretation

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My Dream Interpretation

Nurse

To dream of a nurse occupied with her work is omen of good health.

To dream that You are a nurse indicates a desire to have many friends.... Psycho Dream Interpretation

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Psycho Dream Interpretation

Armchair

Whatever favor you are seeking will be yours if you dreamed of sitting in or seeing a comfortable armchair.

If you saw someone else in it or it was occupied by a dog or cat, you’ll soon have an unwelcome guest or two.

An empty armchair signifies a mystery which will take considerable time and perseverance to solve.

See also Furniture, etc.... The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

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The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

Couch

You are in danger of lulling yourself into a false sense of security if your dream featured a couch either occupied or empty.

This dream is telling you to listen to the advice of trusted friends.... The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

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The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

Moon

The meaning of a moon depends on the de- tails, but is, in the main, favorable. As with the superstition, to dream of seeing a new moon over your left shoulder predicts a lucky month ahead. A bright, waxing moon in a clear sky forecasts a new and exciting project (or change); but if it was covered or dimmed by drifting clouds, you will have to overcome some obstacles before reaping a well-earned reward. A full moon means unusual suc- cess in love matters, and a harvest moon signifies unusually good returns on your investments of either energy or money. Very bright moonlight is a prophecy of family unity and/or domestic happi- ness. All moon omens are intensified if they were seen reflected in water. To dream of moon travel or of the man or lady in the moon is a warning that you could lose the hap- piness close at hand by being too preoccupied with distant mirages.... The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

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The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

Nylon

This synthetic fiber in a dream is a reminder that things are not always what they seem and you would benefit from being less preoccupied with appearances and more with basic qualities.... The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

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The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

Pigeon / Pigeons

A dream of pigeons flying is a prophecy of important changes ahead brought about by news from a distance.

Pigeons on the ground signify minor family troubles, but sitting on ledges or windowsills they are fortunate for love affairs.

If you dreamed of feeding pigeons or watching them eat, you can expect to be preoccupied shortly with some unanticipated but temporary financial problem.... The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

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The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

Rocker

If the rocking chair was occupied, it forecasts contentment and relief from worry; if it was empty, it portends a period of loneliness and frustration, but dont’t despair-like the seasons it will soon pass.... The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

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The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams

Backwards

xMoving backwards - on foot or in a train or car - may mean you are getting further away from your (true) goal. Perhaps you are too preoccupied with the past and its associated failures, rejections, guilt- feelings and resentments. As long as your present response to life is conditioned by traumatic events in the past, there is no possibility of either peace or personal fulfilment. Wounds inflicted by past experiences will heal only when you learn to live in the present, neither anxious about the future nor angry about something in the past.... A Dictionary of Dream Symbols

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A Dictionary of Dream Symbols

Funeral

(see also Burial)

Your own funeral may appear in dreams because you are anxious about your health or for some reason preoccupied with thoughts of approaching death.

If so, probably no good will come from trying to put death out of your mind. Death is something that needs to be taken into consideration in finding a meaning and a direction for your life. Such thinking may bring about a change of values; greater tranquillity; a nearer approach to your true self.... A Dictionary of Dream Symbols

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A Dictionary of Dream Symbols

Ox

For obvious reasons, the ox is a symbol of sacrifice, suffering, patience, and work. It also indicates sure but slow actions, which can have both positive and negative connotations.

Symbol of physical strength—though docile and subjected to reason—the ox occupied in ancient Egyptian religion a key place: Apis, of bovine appearance, was the god of fertility. According to modern esoteric interpretation, dreaming of oxen signifies that the subject feels obedient; eating it, loss and suffering; letting them graze, happiness; to see them yoked to plow augurs success and profits; and to see them dragging a cart, emergence of influential friends and professional unions.... The Big Dictionary of Dreams

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The Big Dictionary of Dreams

Accident

Accident dreams can represent a variety of different situations, from straightforward fears of being in an actual, physical accident (or memories of such an accident) to a sense that one is headed for a more metaphorical “crack up.” We may be so preoccupied with something that we are not paying attention, or so involved in the rat race that we need to slow down.

As extensions of ourselves, vehicles often represent the physical body, so an accident dream may indicate a health problem or anxieties about health.

If the general tone of the dream is positive (even if violent), accidents may symbolize something or some part of life of which one is letting go.... Dream Symbols in The Dream Encyclopedia

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Dream Symbols in The Dream Encyclopedia

Garden Flowers

In general, cultivated flowers symbolize how we can influence and control our development, whilst wild flowers and weeds symbolize spontaneity and how nature’s abundance comes in all shapes and varieties.

If you were planting flowers in rows in a garden or see formally arranged flowers in a flower bed, this could be suggesting that your life is a little too organized and lacking in spontaneity. Although it could also indicate that your personal life needs putting in order, in general flowers appearing in a dream garden suggest that your life lacks vibrancy and you are too preoccupied with the practical business of earning a living.

A dream of an inviting, flower-filled garden scene may be encouraging your waking self to relax.

If you dreamed that you were lounging lazily in a garden surrounded by flower-filled borders, your unconscious may have been mirroring your sense of satisfaction with your waking life but also may have been encouraging you to take the time to enjoy life’s simple pleasures.

If the flowers in the garden are dead, wilting or attacked by a worm or grub, this conveys a message of regret and danger.

If flowers are strewn across your garden, your house or even yourself, this suggests that your life contains a great deal of pleasure and fulfillment.

If you were watering or feeding the flowers in the garden or anywhere else in your dream, this suggests that you need to work on a relationship. Did you dream that your garden suddenly became parched and you were rushing to find water to feed the flowers? If this was the case, perhaps a dream like this is implying that you need to pay more attention to those around you, as your close personal relationships— symbolized by the drought-stricken flowers—are in urgent need of nourishment and rejuvenation.

Zodiac signs and flowers

Zodiac Sign Dates Flower
AQUARIUS 20 Jan.-18 Feb. Daffodil and Primrose
PISCES 19 Feb.-20 Mar. Freesia and Cineraria
ARIES 21 Mar.-20 Apr. Tulip and Calceolaria
TAURUS 21 Apr.-20 May Iris and Hydrangea
GEMINI 21 May-20 Jun. Alstromeria and Geranium
CANCER 21 Jun.-21 Jul. Rose and Gloxinia
LEO 22 Jul.-21 Aug. Carnation and Begonia
VIRGO 22 Aug.-22 Sep. Gladiolus and Chrysanthemum
LIBRA 23 Sep.-22 Oct. Dahlia and Cyclamen
SCORPIO 23 Oct.-21 Nov. Gerbera and African Violet
SAGITTARIUS 22 Nov.-20 Dec. Anemone and Azalea
CAPRICORN 21 Dec.-19 Jan. Chrysanthemum and Poinsettia
... The Element Encyclopedia

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The Element Encyclopedia

Towering Above The Rest

Freudian dream interpreters relate towering structures in dreams to phallic symbols, and therefore to macho tendencies, on account of their thrusting shape. So if you dreamed you were living in a luxury penthouse thousands of feet above the city or that your office occupied the top floor, could your dream have highlighted your ambitions? Do you secretly long to rise above everyone else financially, professionally and socially? Dreaming of a spire may indicate pride and ambition or yearning to attain spiritual heights, and an obelisk in a dream may be a phallic symbol. A chimney in a dream may be another phallic symbol especially if it was a tall factory chimney. In both the waking and the dream world, skyscrapers are symbols of elevated social and professional status and the ‘greed is good creed’, so if you dreamed of them, perhaps your unconscious was highlighting your waking ambition.

The most prominent and famous landmark in Paris, the city of romance, revolution and passion, is the Eiffel Tower.

If it appears in your dream, it presents a powerful erotic symbolism, as it is a strong image of thrusting sexuality. The clock tower, also known as Big Ben, which sits alongside London’s Houses of Parliament, may be a symbol of an encounter with destiny or some life-changing event. Ticking clocks often represent the passage of life (see TIME) and the clock tower combines this with the phallic form to form an image of courage and emotional development. Evoking great and solemn occasions, the chimes of Big Ben, or any clock in a church tower, relate to important life changes, such as marriage, the birth of a child or moving house, or important shifts in attitude, such as forgiveness, resolve and determination.... The Element Encyclopedia

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The Element Encyclopedia

Dieting

A dream of abstinence from eating may suggest that you have been taking on too much in waking life.

If you dream of being on a diet, you may be telling yourself to limit your emotional involvement in someone or something.

If you suddenly ballooned to obesity in your dream or became waif-like and starving, such scenarios all point to poor body image.

If you aren’t preoccupied with your weight in waking life, such dreams may suggest a feeling of being dragged down by weighty problems that you long to shed. Or perhaps you are indulging yourself or getting obsessed with a hobby or a job and your waking life has become unhealthily unbalanced. On the other hand, if you are studying, you may feel as if you have taken in so much information that you are fit to burst.

If you are too thin in your dream, have you been starved of vital nourishment recently—intellectual, emotional, sexual or spiritual—in waking life? If someone is withholding food from you in the dream or preventing you from eating in some way, they may be the cause of emotional malnourishment or are perhaps trying to protect you from self-destructive habits.

If you suffer from food poisoning in your dream, is there anyone you know who might be trying to poison your mind by feeding it toxic thoughts? Or are you poisoning yourself with an unhealthy diet and lifestyle, perhaps with little or no exercise and a high alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, sugar, salt, additive and saturated fat intake?... The Element Encyclopedia

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The Element Encyclopedia

Potato

To see potatoes in your dream symbolizes an essential or basic element in your life, since potatoes are basic nourishment. It may also suggest laziness or stupidity. To see or eat mashed potatoes in your dream, suggests that you are experiencing concern over your financial affairs. Potato skin relates to the most potent aspect of a situation or the place where the greater number of benefits can be found. To see or eat crisps or potato chips in your dream symbolizes overindulgent behavior. It can also relate to the various methods you use to satisfy a basic need. To see a pretzel in your dream symbolizes twisted perceptions or confused thought processes concerning a relationship or situation in waking life. It may indicate that you are preoccupied with some complex issue and are not sure how to handle it.... The Element Encyclopedia

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The Element Encyclopedia

The Three Cases

The three cases represent the three aspects of our personality: the upper case represents our higher or spiritual self, the middle case our mental and social approach to life, and the lower case our physical aptitudes and attitudes. The upper case is the area in which the extended up strokes are found in tall letters like b, d, h and t. The middle case is the central region occupied by letters with neither long up strokes nor down strokes, such as a, c, e, m, n, o, etc. The lower case is the area occupied by down stroke letters such as g, j, p, etc. Look where the emphasis of the writing is as this is where the emphasis of the personality lies.... The Element Encyclopedia

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The Element Encyclopedia

Getting Weaker / Getting Stronger

Are you weak in your dreams or so strong you can manage any physical feat required of you? If you are feeling weak, a medical check-up might be required, but it could also suggest that you feel somehow less than perfect in waking life and unable to accomplish what is required of you. Dreams in which you simply can’t keep up with the action or are outrun by the bogey man are experienced more frequently as you age, and may well be your dreaming mind’s way of helping you adjust to the natural aging process.

If your dreams often feature themes of illness or loss of strength and you are concerned by these, see your doctor by all means; the chances are, however, that you feel unable to meet some internal or external commands in waking life. In your dreams, your unmet goals and high standards are making you ill. But dreams in which you have boundless energy and physical power seem to be telling you that you are capable of far more than you realize. In some cases, as with people who are seriously ill or disabled, dreams of extraordinary energy and good health are compensatory or wish- fulfillment dreams.

If, in your dream, you are weak because you have lost weight, this can suggest concern about body image but it can also indicate possessive, demanding behavior from the people in your life. Conversely, gaining weight and strength may show an excessive need for their approval and a childish need for instant gratification. Finally, if other people are watching either your feats of strength or growing weakness in your dream, this suggests that you are preoccupied with themes of competition. Who or what are you trying to compete with, surpass or vanquish?... The Element Encyclopedia

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The Element Encyclopedia

Rem Sleep

REM sleep is recognized by tiny twitches of facial muscles and slight movements of the hands. Blood pressure rises, breathing and heartbeat become faster, eyes dart rapidly around the eyelids under closed eyelids as if looking at a moving object and, if you are a man, you may have an erection. Researchers have discovered that when sleepers are awakened during REM sleep they typically say they have been dreaming. (You may also feel temporarily paralyzed if awakened during this stage, as if something malevolent is pressing down on you; this phenomenon can explain the supposed succubus, incubus and alien abduction experiences.)

Most of the dreams you remember occur during the REM stage when the brain is fully active. After about ten minutes of REM you enter stages two, three and four again, and keep moving backwards and forwards through the sleep cycle. As the cycle continues, however, the REM phase gets longer and longer with the longest phase being around thirty to forty-five minutes. Of all your dreams during all the stages of REM and NREM (it has recently been discovered that we can dream then too), the final REM stages are the ones you are most likely to remember.


How much sleep do we need?
We spend approximately one third of our life asleep. This means that by the time we reach the age of ninety 1 we have been asleep approximately thirty years. The exact amount of sleep each person needs depends on many factors, including age and activity levels during the day. Babies sleep for about fourteen hours a day, whilst teenagers need about nine hours on average. For most adults occupied physically and mentally during the day, eight hours a night appears to be the average amount of sleep needed, although some people may need as few as five, or as many as ten hours, of sleep each day. Older people tend to need around six hours sleep a night.

Because sleeping and dreaming are so crucial, your brain may sometimes demand the sleep it needs so that you don’t get into mental or physical overload. That’s why you may sometimes drop off for no apparent reason when you’re traveling by car or train, or watching TV.


Research on sleep-deprived animals shows that sleep is necessary for survival. For example, whilst rats normally live for two to three years, those deprived of REM sleep survive only about five weeks on average, and rats deprived of all sleep stages live only about three weeks. Other studies have shown that subjects repeatedly awoken during REM—which means they were deprived of dreams— become anxious, bad tempered and irritable. This suggests that sleep is vital for physical rest and repair, and REM sleep, when we are most likely to dream, is essential for our emotional well-being. Therefore, although we still aren’t sure about the whys, whats and hows of sleep and dreams, it’s possible to conclude that the reason we sleep is to dream.... Dreampedia

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Dreampedia

Why Do We Dream? Physiology Of Dreams

“Everything serious comes to us at night.”
CICERO

What happens when we sleep?

Why do we sleep? The answer is not as simple as it seems. We sleep so that our body can rest, we think at first. However, science has not been able to prove concretely that sleep is necessary for physical recuperation of the body. Experiments performed on rats have proven that when deprived of sleep, these animals die.

But human nature is not as simple as that of rats. Everyone knows people who barely sleep. The most extreme case, published in some scientific magazines, is that of a man who claims not to have slept since contracting a serious illness. In a similar vein, some individuals with a highly developed spirituality are able to remain conscious all night. We’re not referring to a student during exam time drinking coffee or taking stimulants to stay awake more than twenty-four hours straight. We’re talking about people who can achieve advanced levels of relaxation through deep meditation.

It is known that anxiety and lack of concentration increase considerably after a night or two without sleep. One theory related to sleep affirms that we sleep to conserve energy. However, another suggests that we rest to conserve our food stores, since when we lose consciousness, we repress the hunger mechanism.


How much do we sleep?

Sleep at different ages

In the course of his life, a person has, on average, 300,000 dreams. As we age, both the time we spend sleeping and the time we spend dreaming decrease gradually.

Newborns sleep almost all day, alternating hours of sleep with short spells of wakefulness. By one year of age, they sleep fewer sessions but for longer in total: they have cycles of 90 minutes of sleep followed by another 90 minutes of waking time. Gradually, the child will sleep more at night and less during the day. By 9 years of age, most need between 9 and 12 hours of sleep a day.

The average for an adult is between 7 and 8.5 hours. But after age 70, we return to the sleep phases of childhood and sleep fewer hours continuously.

There are arguments that even claim we have slept since ancient times in order to appear a less tasty snack for nocturnal predators (when we sleep, our body looks like a corpse).

There are theories to suit everyone, but we shouldn’t forget the fundamental: for almost all of us, sleeping is a relaxing and pleasant experience that lasts between six and eight hours each night, an experience that is utterly necessary to “recharge the batteries” of our bodies.

It’s no coincidence that we choose nighttime to sleep. In the darkness our vision is reduced, the world becomes strange, and as a result, our imagination runs wild. Our minds remain occupied with images (that is, dreams). At night, our eyes don’t work, but we have a need to create images. If for some reason we are deprived of sleep, the following nights our dream production increases, since we spend more time in the REM phase (the period of sleep when oneiric thoughts are most active). Therefore it seems evident that we need dreams to live.

Some ancient civilizations believed that dreaming served, more than anything, to be able to dream. They were convinced that oneiric activity wasn’t the result of sleeping, but rather the reason for it. Some scientists, however, don’t share the theories of our ancestors when it comes to the reason behind our dreams.

There is a scientific school of thought that asserts that oneiric thoughts are simply a neurophysiological activity that comes with sleep. According to this theory, when we sleep we generate spontaneous signals that stimulate the sensory channels in the mind. The brain transforms these signals into visual images and induces the dreamer to believe that he is living real experiences.

Up to that point, perfect. But, why do dreams have such an interesting narrative? Why do they so often express metaphoric language? Why do they narrate stories that directly affect us? There is no concrete or scientific answer to these questions.

Percentages of REM sleep

Cold-blooded animals never dream; the cold temperatures at night cause them to hibernate and all their vital functions, including the brain, slow down. Only when the sun comes out or the temperature rises to an acceptable level do they recuperate all vital functions. The only cold-blooded animal that has shown signs of dreaming is the chameleon.

On the other hand, we know all warm-blooded animals dream, since REM-phase activity has been detected in all of them. Birds dream only about 0.5% of the time they spend asleep, while humans dream up to 20% of the time. There are exceptional cases, such as that of the Australian platypus, that never dream.

Other theories suggest that dreams serve to eliminate unnecessary facts from memory, since we can’t store everything that happens every day. According to this thesis, at night we erase the “archives” we don’t need, just like a computer. The sleeping mind tests the process of erasing in the form of dreams, which would explain why they’re so difficult to remember. There are obvious limitations to this theory if you keep in mind that, occasionally, oneiric thoughts work creatively (they go beyond the information that we give them). These don’t have much to do with the merely “hygienic” function that the aforementioned scientific community claims. Often, dreams don’t eliminate the useless leftovers of daily experiences. Quite the opposite: they give them a surprising new shape, so when we wake up, we can reflect more deeply on their meaning.

The phases of sleep

Even though we don’t realize it, when we sleep at night we pass through four different phases of sleep. Each phase is distinguished by the deepness of sleep. That is, when we are in phase 1, it is a fairly light sleep; during phase 4, we reach maximum intensity.

When we go to sleep, we enter a period in which we gradually pull away from the exterior world. Little by little, our sleep deepens until finally (phase 4) our breathing slows and becomes regular, our cardiac rhythm slows down, and our body temperature decreases. Therefore the body’s metabolism also reduces its activity.

More or less an hour after falling asleep, your body has already gone through the four phases. At this point you begin to go back through the levels until you return to phase 1. This brings along an increase in respiratory and cardiac rhythm. Parallel to this, brain waves once again start to register an activity close to that of consciousness. You are therefore in a moment of transition, demonstrated by the fact that at this point the body tends to change position.

All signs indicate that any noise might wake us. But that’s not the case: since your muscle tone has been reduced, this is actually the moment when it’s most difficult to regain consciousness. At the same time, your eyes begin to move behind your eyelids (up and down and side to side). This ocular phenomenon, which anyone can observe easily, is known as the REM phases, which stands for “rapid eye movement.”

Certain areas of the brain are associated with different functions and human skills, translating external sensory stimuli into a well-organized picture of the world. In dreams, those same stimuli produce different reactions. If a sleeping person hears a sound or touches something repulsive, those stimuli will probably be integrated into their dream before they wake up.

The REM phase

The REM phase is particularly important for those interested in dreams. All studies indicate that during this brief spell (from five to ten minutes) we typically experience the most intense oneiric activity. Some of these studies, done in a sleep laboratory, have observed that eight out of ten individuals relate very vivid dreams when woken up right at the end of the REM phase. These periods alternate at night with what we could call non-REM phases, that is, periods when no ocular movement is registered.

How many times do we reach a REM stage at night? It is estimated that each cycle is repeated four to seven times. As the hours pass, each phase gets longer. This way, the final REM stage might last twenty to forty minutes. On average, an adult enjoys an hour and a half of REM sleep each night, although for older individuals it may be less than an hour and a quarter. Babies, on the other hand, remain in the REM phase for 60 percent of the time they spend asleep.

In any case, let’s make this clear: not all dreams are produced during this period. It has also been demonstrated that humans generate images in other stages. However, these are dreams of a different quality, since during the non-REM phases, our oneiric activity tends to generate only undefined thoughts, vague sensations, etc. Nothing close to the emotional content that characterizes dreams produced in the REM phase.

The oneiric images produced in the most intense phase (REM) are more difficult to remember. One method to remember them consists of waking up just after each REM phase.

As we’ve commented already, those who wish to read their dreams have to first do the work of remembering them. If we want this work to be 100 percent effective, we can use a method that, although uncomfortable, almost never fails: wake up just after every REM phase. If you want to try this method, set your alarm (without music or radio) to go off four, five, six, or seven and a half hours after falling asleep. You can be sure that if you wake up just after one of the REM phases you go through each night, you will enjoy vivid memories.

This is the process used in sleep laboratories, where oneiric activity is studied through encephalographic registry of electrical brain activity.

The people in the study—who are volunteers—sleep connected to machines that register their physiological reactions (brain waves, cardiac rhythm, blood pressure, muscle activity, eye movement, etc).

At certain points during the night, these reactions indicate that, if you wake them, they will be able to tell you what they dreamed. This is because the phase that produces the most intense dreams (REM) is characterized by a physical reaction easily observed: the rapid movement of the eyes of the dreamer.

With this method, sleep laboratories can collect proof of precisely

when subjects are dreaming. And given that oneiric images are difficult to remember, the lab techniques have been a great advance in dream research. Some experts assert that thanks to the scientific advances of the second half of the twentieth century, we have learned more about sleep processes in the last fifty years than in all the history of humanity.

What do we dream?

A wide study done in France on the subject of dreams produced these results:

  • Relationships with partners (18%)
  • Home, especially that of our childhood (15%) -Aggressors, thieves, being chased, etc. (10%)
  • Missing the train; embarrassing baggage (8%) -Water, wells, tunnels; traffic accidents (6%) -Forgotten children or babies (5%)
  • Snakes, fires, stairs (5%)
  • Negative animals: spiders, cockroaches, rats, etc. (4%) -Clothing or lack of clothing; nakedness (3%)
  • Losing teeth or other alarming situations (2%)

Hypnagogic images: between waking and sleep

As we’ve seen, throughout the night our sleep is divided into four distinct phases. But what happens just before we sink into the first phase? Are we still awake? Not exactly. In the moments when our mind decides between wakefulness and sleep, we begin to lose contact with the world around us, without the characteristic physiological changes of sleep.

This intermediate point has been called the “hypnagogic state” by psychologists. This is a period when, despite the fact that we’re not asleep, our brains generate images that can sometimes be very beautiful. In some ways, these images rival those found in our dreams.

Hypnagogic images of great visual beauty evaporate like bubbles when we wake up and are barely remembered.

However, the hypnagogic state cannot be considered a truly oneiric state. Among other reasons, the scenes produced in this phase are unrelated to the episodes with a more or less coherent plot that characterize dreams.

In the hypnagogic state we produce unrelated images that hardly connect to each other and that, unlike dreams, are not linked to our daily experiences. This phenomenon occurs not only before sleeping but also in the moments before waking up, when we are not yet conscious enough to be aware of them.

Sometimes, before falling asleep we also experience a curious sensation of floating or flying, or we may see very sharp scenes, with a clarity comparable to that of real visual experiences. These types of images, like dreams, evaporate like bubbles when we wake up and we barely remember them, which is a shame because their beauty slips from our minds. In any case, unlike oneiric thoughts, the hypnagogic state is little use for understanding the messages our subconscious wants to send us, and we should value it more for its beauty than its transcendental content.

Salvador Dali, painter of dreams.

To remember them you must not lose consciousness during the apparition. That is, you must observe the process of the hypnagogic state without falling asleep. It seems simple but it is not, because you must submerge yourself in sleep while the mind remains aware of the events happening in its interior. With a little luck, we can see some of the marvelous “paintings” of our private museum.

The surrealist artists of the 20s and 30s knew all about this. This is how Salvador Dali, fervent lover of hypnagogic scenes, turned to what is known as “the monk’s sleep.” He went to bed with a large iron key in his hand. With the first dream, the key would fall to the floor and he would wake up suddenly. In his mind he recorded the hypnagogic images he would later transfer to the canvas in his masterful style.

The seven “chakras,” or centers of subtle energy in the ayurvedic hindu medicine (1).
The nadis according to Tibetan tradition (2).
The meridians of traditional Chinese medicine (3).

If you have difficulty retaining the hypnagogic state, try centering your attention on a concrete point. For example the “third eye” of the yogis (that is, between your eyes), in the area of the heart, or in the top of the head. These three positions are, according to the philosophy of yoga, the centers of subtle rather than physical energy in the human body. You need a place to direct the mind. Another trick to hold attention without effort is to think abstractly about the name of the object you wish to see. This doesn’t mean you have to “create” the images; you just have to induce its appearance during the hypnagogic state. Entering through meditation is also very useful and beneficial.

Sometimes, the hypnagogic scenes are not as pleasant as we would like, but we must confront them in order to strengthen our ability for self-control. If they persist, try following the previous advice. Think abstractly about the name of what you want to see, resisting the temptation to construct it in a certain way from the conscious mind.

The main advantage of the hypnagogic state is that it brings us progressively closer to our deep Self . . . and all that helps to understand and better benefit from dreams.

The same subject can have very different meanings depending on the circumstances and personal situation of the dreamer.... Dreampedia

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